Geography and Climate
Bartow County is one of the largest counties by area in the state, covering 471 square miles. The county’s unique geology, which makes it one of the richest areas in the United States for minerals, can be attributed to the Cartersville Fault line, which runs north along the Appalachian Mountains. The Cartersville Fault is a central meeting point of the Blue Ridge, Talladega, Piedmont and Ridge and Valley geologic provinces.
Red Top Mountain, Pine Log Mountain, Pine Mountain, Lake Allatoona (man-made) and the Etowah River are prominent geographic features, as well as the Etowah Indian Mounds, created by Native Americans more than 1,000 years ago. The highest point in Bartow is 2,400 feet (Pine Log Mountain); the lowest is 600 feet, where the Etowah River flows out of Bartow and into Floyd County.
The average rainfall is 52.59 inches annually. The highest rainfall is in March (6.17 ") - the lowest is October (2.9 inches). Warm summers and moderate winters are typical. The average high temperature in July is almost 91 degrees Fahrenheit. In January it is an average high of 52 degrees Fahrenheit.